Edward Joseph Belanger, Sr.

Male 1852 - 1926  (~ 74 years)

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  • Name Edward Joseph Belanger 
    Suffix Sr. 
    Born Feb 1852  Bay Settlement, Brown, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    AKA (Facts Pg) Edward Belongia Jr.
    Headstone 1926  Antigo, Langlade, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Queen of Peace Catholic Cemetery 
    Edward Belanger Jr - Headstone
    Edward Belanger Jr - Headstone
    Died 3 Aug 1926  , , Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 6 Aug 1926  Queen of Peace Catholic Cemetery, Antigo, Langlade, Wisconsin, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Agency: Queen of Peace Catholic Cemetery 
    819 3rd Ave
    Antigo, WI 54409
    (715) 623-4938 
    Edward Belanger Jr Burial Info - Queen of Peace Cemetery
Antigo Wisconsin - Block 15 - Page 1
    Edward Belanger Jr Burial Info - Queen of Peace Cemetery Antigo Wisconsin - Block 15 - Page 1
    Edward Belanger Jr Burial Info - Queen of Peace Cemetery
Antigo Wisconsin - Block 15 - Page 2
    Edward Belanger Jr Burial Info - Queen of Peace Cemetery Antigo Wisconsin - Block 15 - Page 2
    Edward Belanger Jr Burial Info - Queen of Peace Cemetery
Antigo Wisconsin - Block 15 - Page 3
    Edward Belanger Jr Burial Info - Queen of Peace Cemetery Antigo Wisconsin - Block 15 - Page 3
    Fact 1 18 May 2020  Antigo, Langlade, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Info from Queen of Peace Cemetery 
    • Dear Mr. Walters,
      I looked up information on Edward Belanger. According to the grave marker, he was born in 1852 as you have noted. In our cemetery records his date of death was August 3, 1926. I do not have a date of burial; nor do I have an obituary on file.
      His burial site is: Block 15; Lot 75; Grave #2. I have attached a cemetery map with a sticky note on Block 15 and on the gravesite.
      Grave #1 is listed as "Frank"; Grave 3 as "Rosio Baby", and Grave 4 as Mrs. Arthur (Mary) Minneau (alternately spelled Mineau).
      Sorry I can't be more helpful.
      Katie Klemp
    Person ID I2109  Walters Genealogy
    Last Modified 18 May 2020 

    Father Edward Belanger,   b. 23 Feb 1823, Yamaska, , Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Oct 1906, Bay Settlement, Brown, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Mother Marie-Francoise Aurelia Brunette,   b. 3 Apr 1831, Saint-Hyacinthe, , Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Aug 1907, Gladstone, Delta, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Married 30 May 1846  Shantytown, Brown, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Fact 1 30 May 1846  Shantytown, Brown, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The History of Brown County
    See Page 253 for information on Saint John the Evangelist Church in the 1840's 
    History of Brown County Wisconsin
    History of Brown County Wisconsin
    Wedding 30 May 1846  Shantytown, Brown, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Saint John the Evangelist Catholic Church
      In the Fall of 1831, a young Dominican missionary, Rev. Samuel Mazzuchelli, was sent to La Baye to establish a Catholic parish for the Indians and French-Canadian fur traders living here. The first church was built at Shantytown, the site of the present Allouez Cemetery, on land donated by Joseph Ducharme. The Redemptorist Fathers and other pioneer missionaries continued the work of Father Mazzzuchelli. A fire in 1847 and the change of the center of population brought the congregation to this site in the Borough of Green Bay. Two successive churches were also destroyed by fire. In 1872 and 1911, under the direction of Rev. L. A. Ricking, this church was built by the Foeller Construction Company and completed in 1915. St. John the Evangelist is the oldest continuous Catholic parish in the State of Wisconsin.
      The church and marker are located at 413 Saint John Street, at its intersection with South Jefferson, Street, Green Bay, Wisconsin 54301.
    • Priest Performing Marriage: Rev Pieter Carabin

      Find-A-Grave Link to Rev Fr Peter Carabin

      Father Carabin officiated at his cousin Joseph Peter Hoeffel's first marriage in Nowwalk, Ohio on November 3, 1848.

      From the Book "Missionary labors of Fathers Marquette, Menard and Allouez, in the Lake Superior Region":

      Reverend Peter Carabin, a German, was stationed in Green Bay from 1843 to 1847.

      Father Peter Carabin came back to serve as Pastor of his home parish in 1847 after he had served for a number of years in Wisconsin. He was in ill health and had retired to his parents home to recuperate. Bishop Amedius Rappe of the Cleveland Diocese welcomed the recuperating Indian missionary as pastor because of the great need for priests.

      The exact nature of Fr. Carabin's illness is not known but it was known as ?Maumee Fever? during the canal days. At the time of his dearth Fr. Carabin was paralyzed with the exception of his hands. In his final years he made a new English translation of the Book of Job and a poetic version in German of the Psalms. This book is now in the hands of a descendant, Miss Mary Carabin, Norwalk.

      It was during the time when he was serving at St. Alphonsus that he solicited subscriptions for a new church.

      The four acres of land that the present church was built on was bought from John Spitznogle on May 23, 1849. The stone for the church was native Bedford.

      Sandstone taken from a quarry which was located along the river on the Peter Bauer farm adjacent to the land of Joseph Carabin. This is on the east side of Sate Route 61 across from Settlement Road. The new church was constructed on the north side of Settlement Road where it still stands today. According to parish financial records $4726 was collected from parishioners during the stay of Fr. Carabin.

      The following priest have served this parish throughout the years: Father Peter Carabin, Pastor 1847 -1850.

      The Story of Peter Carabin
      Proto-Priest of Northwestern Ohio

      Because I am a Catholic priest it must seem strange that it was only last year, 1949, that I became acquainted with Father Carabin. What is even more strange is the fact that my introduction to him was brought about by a non-Catholic University professor.

      With great interest I was reading the fine little volume on local Toledo history, Caltal Day!, when, almost without warning I came upon the following statement, "'Riefe is a record of a Father P. Carabin being authorized by the Court of Common Pleas in 1837 to solemnize marriages in the county."l I probably had seen or heard the name before but it had not registered. And since only a few weeks later I was to go to Notre Dame University, Indiana, to do research work in their archives, I kept this name Carabin in my mind, intending to find out what I could about this early Ohio priest. Luck favored me. Not more than a few days after mr arrival at Notre Dame I was able to inform Dr. Downes that I had "discovered" our unknown friend, and that hewould be good material for an interesting story.

      It is not the usual thing to begin the story of a man's life with an account of his death; but in this case I have a good reason for doing the unusual, because the day on which I am writing this, August 1, is the day on which Father Carabin died, in IS73, in St. Vincent's Asylum, Cleveland, where for the last twenty years of his life he had been a patient sufferer as a consequence of various maladies contacted in his missionary labors in Ohio, Michigan and Wisconsin. 2

      The historical beginning of the Carabin Odyssey lakes us to the Firelands, to Huron county, to the city of Norwalk and the village of Vredenborgh, now known as Peru, and the year was 1825. Norwalk itself was then only a small village, numbering at most a few hundred inhabitants; but in 1818 it had been made the seat of Huron county, established in 1809, and orgarnized in 1815. 3 The first church in Norwalk had been built by the Methodists, in 1820, and one year later the Episcopalians had followed their example. 4 The first Catholic to settle in Norwalk was John P. McArdle, from Wellsburg, West Virginia, who brought his family to Norwalk in 1826. He was a printer by trade, and within a year after he had come to Norwalk, the first newspaper published in Huron County, the Norwalk Reporter, made its appearance.~ The first visit by a Catholic priest to Norwalk was by the Rev. Stephen Badin, in 1828.

      On this occasion he stopped at the McArdle home and baptized two of his children.6 This Father Badin has the undue distinction of beng the first Catholic priest ordained in this country, in 1793, by the first Catholic bishop of the United States, John Carroll,7 a cousin of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence. In the summer of 1828, after an absence of nine years in his native France S for the benefit of the Catholic missions in Ohio, Father Badin was now on his way from New York, over Cincinnati to Detroit, visiting on his way various placcs, like Norwalk, and ending up as pastor of the Pottawatomi Indians near South Bend, Indiana, "a circumstance that in the designs of providence helped to prepare the way for one of our greatest Catholic educational institutions, Notre Dame University," 9 in the famous log chapel on the campus of which he has found his last resting place.

      Father Badin had hardly shaken the Norwalk dust from his shoes, when "one September evening, in 1828, just as the sun was setting, there came into Norwalk, along the East Main street road, two lucer looking wagons, each drawn by a yoke of oxen." l0 That was no unusual sight in frontier towns in the days of the covered wagon. These two wagons stopped over night at Norwalk, continuing their journey next morning towards Cincinnati for which city they were headed. One of the wagons was occupied by Peter Bauer and his wife and six children 3S well as by the family of Anton Phillips with two children. The other wagon was inhabited by Joseph Carabin and his wife and eight children, together with Clement Baumgartner and wife who had no childrcn. 11 Counting the heads, that made exactly one dozen travelers for each wagon.

      Without knowing it, they had all but reached the end of the trail. And the trail had been a long one. They had left their home in Lorraine 12 many weeks before, had safely landed in New York from whence they had traveled by boat down the Erie canal to Buffalo, taken another boat which had brought them to Huron. They were on their way to Cincinnati. Or so they thought.

      When they had proceeded about four or five miles southward something unexpected happened which at the time must have looked to them like a major catastrophe: the Carabin wagon broke down completely and upon inspedion proved to be beyond repair. Being thus forced to interrupt their journey, they began to look about them to see where they were and what they could do. The country looked good to them, even though it was all forcst, and since they had to buy land somewhere, no matter where they might finally settle, they decided that this site was as good as any and that they might as well buy here where Providence had indicated they should settle. That is what they did, and that is how the parish at what is now Peru came into being. Before the year was out other settlers, friends of theirs, followed after them, and year by year more and more came, all of them Catholic families of German stock, from Lorraine, Alsace and neighboring districts, So many, that within a few years their number had passed the hundred mark.

      In a previous paragraph I have given the number of people traveling in the two queer looking wagons as twenty-four. As a matter of fact, the number was twenty-five. In addition to the parents and children of these four families there had come along also a sister 14 of Peter Bauer's, and she was destined to play a leading role in the new settlement. Her name was Francisca Bauer, and she had been a member of a religious community of women, the Sisters of Providence, back in her native Lorraine. Her Community, like scores of others, had seen hard days in the wake of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars, with their convents closed and confiscated and their members dispersed. And just at this particular time, in 1828, the rumblings of another political revolution could be distinctly heard in the not too distant future, making the life of a rehgious community of nuns all but impossible. She decided, therefore, to follow her brother's family across the ocean to a land where she could live in peace and tranquility, and where she hoped to be of real help and assistance to them, especially regarding their religious life as Catholic people. She is known as "Sister Francisca," also as "Waldschester" or "hermite 15," for she lived all by herself in a cabin built by her own hands on her own land. She was a teacher by profession, and that is why right next to her own cabin she also built a little school in which she herself taught the children of the settlement their three R's as well as their catechism and prayers. And this, no doubt, is the first and earliest Catholic school in all of Northwestern Ohio.

      In his Journal Father Brunner speaks highly of this Hermitess; he knew her intimately since for a number of years he was her pastor. He tells us that she was "the very life" of this small colony of immigrants; not only was she the teacher of their children, but to all of them she was a helper in every need, a comforter in trouble and discouragement, physician and nurse in sickness, and even a sort of "substitute-priest" in the first years when visits by real priests were of necessity few and far between.

      According to the available evidence, the very first priest to visit them was none other than Bishop Edward Fenwick, of Cincinnati, 1 in whose diocese they had settled. Bishop Fenwick came of an old English family of Maryland; while studying abroad, in Belgium, he had joined the Order of Preachers, commonly and better known as the Dominicans, and on his return to his native country had used his patrimony to establish his Order in the United States, in Washington County, Kentucky. There also he had opened, in May 1807, 16 St. Thomas Aquinas College, the first Catholic college west of the Allegheny mountains, for which he procured the best professors from among his fellow Dominicans abroad. On January 13, 1822, he had been consecrated first bishop of Cincinnati, his jurisdiction extending not only over all of Ohio, but including also Michigan and even Wisconsin. 17 He is known as "The Apostle of Ohio," for even as bishop he sought and found his greatest satisfaction in doing real missionary work throughout his vast diocese. To ride thirty or forty miles out of his way to locate and minister to some lonely, stray Catholic settler's family of whose existence he had been informed, was routine work with him. 19 His greatest delight he found in his visits to the various Catholic Indian tribes scattered all over his diocese. The only word which will adequately express the reverential love these Indians had for their "Great Father," as they affectionately called him, is to say that they idolized him. 20

      It was on one of his periodical pastoral visitations through Ohio that Bishop Fenwick first visited Norwalk and Peru, in 1829. On this occasion he went out of his way, as remarked above, to locate these new settlers of whom he had heard. He knew the name of Carabin, for he had been informed that a son of the Carabin family, by the name of Peter,

      [Page 188 missing]

      (Address): The R. Rev. Dr. Fenwick Bishop
      of and at Cincinnati (Ohio)
      United States of America - over Havre


      8 New York

      Juillet Aug/ 19, 1829


      I am sending you herewith the dimissorial letters which you have requested of our most Reverend Bishop for Mr. Carabin, a native of thisdiocese. This young subdeacon has spent several years in our Seminary where his morals have at all times been regular, his conduct good, his talents and capacityqujte average; he is not over-eager for work and isa cold and slow character. I consider him a good youth, but he needs stimulation for study and for his proper training in the ecclesiastical spirit and piety. For the rest, there is no difficully in learning to know him and I have no doubt that in lessthan eight days the Superior of your Seminary will have formed a correct judgment of him. Although he is not in any respect brilliant, it nevertheless seems to me that you can make good use of him and he can even render you service in more ways than one.- Monseigneur of Nancy has been very pleased to receive your regards and he asks me to send you his own.

      Be pleased also, Monseigneur, to accept the expression of my own lively and sincere sentiments as well as of themost profound respect with which I have the honor to beyour most humble, most obedient and most devoted servant,

      Ferry, Sup. of the Seminary of Nancy

      who recommends to your goodness Peter Carabin, who thought it his duty to accompany his family which has emigrated and settled in America.

      P.S. Mr. Carabin, whom I salute and embrace with affection, still owes me 13 fr. for books. Since in view of the distance separating us it will be impossible for him to send them to me, I donate them to your Seminary. Be so kind as to forward to him the few words I have written for him. Excuse my taking this liberty.

      There is little need to enlarge on this description of Carabin given us by his Seminary Rector. His portrait is painted in full size and every detail is marked. The first impression one gets is that of a young man of a decidedly phlegmatic temperament, "sluggish, not easily aroused or moved, apathetic, calm, composed," 24 and cold. He is not over-ambitious, trying to get by with as little work and exertion as possible. Even for prayer he needs a "push,"- a strange symptom, indeed, in a young man aspiring to the priesthood! But over against and counter-balancing this darker side of his character there is the brightness of a sunshiny, open, frank and honest face; clear, trusting and "speaking" eyes - in no time at all, "in less than eight days," even a strange ArnericanSuperior will be able to put the right tag on him- read him like an open book!

      This correspondence between Nancy and Cincinnali must be of special interest to non-Catholic readers of this QUARTERLY; for it is just one small illustration of the great care the Catholic Church exercises in the selection and admission of candidates for the priesthood. According to Canon Law, no bishop is allowed to ordain any candidate who is not a native of his diocese; he may do so only with permission in writing of the candidate's own "Ordinary," i.e. native bishop, And besides, he must use all means of information to make sure that the candidate has all the qualifications required by law in a priest. The letter, printed above, of the Rector of the Seminary of Nancy put Bishop Fenwick in possession of this necessary information regarding young Carabin's qualifications. The official document of the Bishop of Nancy, signed by him and sealed with the official seal of his diocese, by which he relinquished all rights to the services of Carabin for his diocese and transferring them to the bishop of Cincinnati, is no longer extant, or at least I have discovered no trace of it. But we may be sure that it was issued - the Rector of the Seminary refers to it in his own letter - because without it Bishop Fenwick could not have proceeded to the ordination of Carabin to deaconship first, and then to the priesthood.

      The exact date of Carabin's ordination to the priesthood is doubtful. Father Lamott, the official historian of the Archdiocese of Cincinnati, gives 1830 as the year, without any further date, 25 whilst Houck, the Cleveland historian, gives the year 1831. 26 The Obituary notice in the Catholic Directory also states that Carabin was "ordained in 1831." 27 On the other hand, O'Daniel, the biographer of Bishop Fenwick, favors the year 1830,28 suggesting as the probable date, September 5, on which day Fenwick certainly held ordnations, ordaining among others Father Samuel Mazzuchelli, the great apostle of Upper Michigan. It is difficult to sec how Houck, the Cleveland historian, came to give 1831 as the year. Investigation in Cincinnati where Carabin had been ordained would have given him the correct information, because it was in 1830, not 1831, that Carabin's ordination had taken place. For this categorical assertion we have Carabin's own testimony. In the Monroe parish records there is an entry, by Carabin himself, stating that he said Mass there "for the first time on the second Sunday of Advent, 1830." 29 This would just about make it a certainty that he was ordained on September 5, 1830, together with Mazzuchelli, as O'Daniei surmises, because it is most unlikely that Fenwick would hold ordinations in September and again a month or two later. If Carabin was not ready for ordination in September, he would hardly be more ready in October or November. Besides, in 1828, when Carabin arrived in this country, he already was in subdeacon's orders, and by September, 1830, he had two full years of additional study and preparation, which was more than enough, since the usual interval between these two ordinations is only one year, even today. Earlier than 1830 Carabin could not be ordained because he was too young, he lacked the "canonical age"; to ordain him, even in 1830, when he was twenty-three years old, Fenwick needed a special faculty of dispensation, which, of course, he had.

      Peter Carabin thus has the unique distinction of being the first young man, not indeed native, but resident, of Northwestern Ohio, ordained a Catholic priest, within Ohio, and by the first Catholic Bishop of Ohio. And that, of course, is the reason why we have gone into all the details and particulars about it, and also, why we are writing this article about him.

      His first assignment, as stated above, was to Monroe, Michigan. Before Detroit was erected into a diocese, in 1833, so all of Michigan was part of the diocese of Cincinnati. And we know that at this particular time, in the early 1830's, Michigan laid claim to the territory on which the city of Toledo now stands. In April, 1835, the last election in Port Lawrence Township was held under di rection and authority of Michigan. 31 Thus it comes that Father Carabin must be considered the first and earliest Ohio priest, officially appointed, working in the Toledo area of whom we have certain knowledge. Any others who are usually mentioned, such as Father Quinn (of Tiffin), or Father Thienpont (of Dayton) came later, even if not much later. And here is the place to correct a statement by W. M. Heflinger 32 to the effect that in 1812 a second white settlement, north of the Greenville line at Fremont, "consisted of a French Catholic mission with two priests." Curiously enough, although Mr. Heflinger gives his authorities and source references for ever so many other statements in his interesting articles, he fails to say who or what his authority for this statement is. And no wonder, because there is no authority for it. Any French priest stationed at Fremont in 1812 and before that time would have been sent there either from Quebec or Montreal (Baltimore and Bardstown are altogether out of the question). But in neither place is there even a shred of evidence, either in ecclesiastical or governmental archives, to show the existence in Fremont of such a mission or the presence of a Catholic priest at any time. It is a local tradition, I know, ( placing a priest in Fremont in 1780). and Mr. Heflinger, being a native of Fremont, can of course be forgiven for wanting to uphold that tradition. But unsupported traditions, nomatter how often repeated, are not evidence. What is said here of a Catholic mission and priests at Fremont holds good, and even more so, in the case of such a mission at Defiance, in 1670! The placing of a granite marker on the "site" does not constitute evidence. So, let me emphasize it, there was no Catholic priest anywhere in Northwestern Ohio from the time Father Edmund Burke left with the English garrison of Fort Miami in the summer of 1796 33until Bishop Fenwick sent his first priests to Monroe and later to Tiffin. 34

      Father Carabin was stationed at Monroe, "St. Antoine," with its missions for about twelve or thirteen years, till 1843. As long as the territory over which Ohio and Michigan were fighting actually was, or could be considered, Michigan territory, he could perform marriages in Toledo under Michigan license. But when the dispute had finally been settled in favor of Ohio, he needed a license, issued under Ohio law, for the County of Lucas. And that's how it comes that in 1837 we find him taking out such a license to authorize him to assist legally at marriages of Catholics here in Toledo. The County Clerk at the local Courthouse showed me all the old marriage registers preserved here, but in none of them was there an entry going back to 1837. The County Clerk of Monroe County, Michigan, on the other hand was able to send me a list of eleven marriages performed by Father Cambin, in 1837, several of which show distinctly Toledo names, such as Knaggs and Navarre. 35In a subsequent letter he informed me that the very first time Carabin officiated at a marriage ceremony was on January 24, 1831. 36

      When, in 1843, the state of Wisconsin, which before that time had been put of the diocese of Cincinnati, and later of Detroit, was formed into a separate diocese, 37 with Milwaukee as the bishop's seat, and Martin Henni as its first bishop, Father Carabin served his connection with Cincinnati and Detroit and followed Henni to Wisconsin. And there was a good reason for this; or rather two good reasons, one professional, the other personal. As a priest and missionary, Carabin most likely was attracted by the newness of work in a new diocese; even the hardships to be expected in "virgin territory" would only serve as a spur to his zeal and love of adventure. In 1843, he was in his best years, in the middle thirties, thirty-six, to be exact. He could speak four languages: German, which was his mother-tongue; French, the language of his native country; English; and also some Indian dialects which later he had "picked up" in the course of his missionary work in Michigan- four languages, all of which were needed for successful missionary work in Wisconsin.

      And then there was a personal attachment, not to say friendship, between Carabin and Bishop Henni. When the Carabins first came to Peru, Father Henni was pastor of Canton and the priest nearest to their settlement. It was Father Henni who at the reguest of Bishop Fenwick came to Peru to bless the ground or site of the church they were going to build. And when the simple log church was ready for use, he came a second time to dedicate it solemnly to the service of God, placing it under the patronage of St. Michael, the Archangel. 38 To Peter Carabin, young and impressionable subdeacon at the time, Father Henni, himself still a young man and only two years older than Carabin, 39 undoubtedly appeared as the ideal priest and missionary to whom he looked up with admiration and reverence and love. Little wonder, therefore, that when Henni was sent to Wisconsin as bishop, Carabin attached himself to him.

      I have no evidence whatever for the following, but it is a historian's "hunch," one which I consider a "natural" and which is within the possibilities and even probabilities. Young Carabin, we must remember, was a subdeacon and as such a candidate for the priesthood. That being so, he would strongly desire and go out of his way to make contacts with the priest, whoever he is, living nearest to their settlement. In this case, as we have seen, the priest happened to be Father Henni, at Canton. The first opportunity he had, Carabin would travel to Canton, even walking the distance, if necessary. If for no other reason, he certainly would want to go to confession and in other ways obtain a priests guidance and Counsel and help. And thus a clerical friendship sprang up between the two, the young missionary on the field and the candidate for the missionary life. And it is not only possible, but almost certain that the first news Bishop Fenwick obtained about the Peru immigrants and the young seminarian for his diocese came to him from Father Henni.

      That would also explain the correspondence between Cincinnati and Nancy, especially the phrase used by Father Ferry, the Nancy Superior, in his letter to Bishop Fenwick, wherein he speaks of the dimissorial letters "which you have requested" from the Bishop of Nancy. Fenwick must have had definite and positive knowledge about Peter Carabin, his name, place of birth, home diocese, his character as subdeacon, and his intention of joining Fenwick's diocese, or he could never have made that kind of a "request." And the most natural explanation is that either Carabin himself had written to Fenwick directly, or, what is more likely, Henni had written, in the name of the young student who, after all, was a total stranger to Fenwick, and who would want a proper introduction to his future bishop through one of his priests.

      Only three short years in the missions of Wisconsin, and the young priest had reached the end of his usefulness! During these years he was stationed at Green Bay as pastor of St. John's Church, 40 paying regular visits to a German settlement at Pipe Village. also to the Bay Settlement, to Rapide des Peres, and to Calumet. Owmg to the still primitive and unhealthy conditions of the new country, he contracted what in the Canal Days here in Toledo was called "Maumee Fever"; whatever the nature of the malady was, 41 it not only incapacitated him for the time being, but for the rest of his life. In the hope of regaining his health and strength he returned to his family in Peru, in the Fall of 1847. 42 From a letter of Bishop Rappe of Cleveland, 43 we know that Carabin had applied to him for "some charge, pro tempore." 44 And only a few months later Rappe informs Bishop Purcell that he has "permitted Father Carabin to take charge of the new church, (St. Peter's), at Norwalk." 45 This was a most thoughtful and considerate gesture on the part of Bishop Rappe, for it made it possible for Carabin to live under the care of his family and at the same time to make himself useful as a pastor. Before very long, however, hissickness must have gotten the best of him, because he is not listed in the official "Dirertory" of 1850, which means that in 1849 he was without any assignment. Then, in 1851 and 1852, we find him listed again as pastor at lower Sandusky, (Fremont), and, in 1853, as "assistant pastor" at St. Peter's Church, Canton. And after that the official Directory is silent about him until, in 1874, his death is reported, as mentioned in the beginning of this article.

      What his real sickness was we do not know, The death notice speaks of "paralysis, induced by cold and exposure on the missions." 46

      Which inclines me to think that, perhaps, it was a rheumatic condition, or a severe case of arthritis. In a letter to Orestes Brownson, 47

      Carabin states that "for the past six years I have been incapable of any motion except that of my hands." Poor man! But at least he had the comfort of reading. And this letter to Brownson indicates the kind of reading he enjoyed: the best that could be had! For Brownson, who by the way was a convert to the Catholic Church, was the literary marvel of his generation, "America's greatest Catholic philosopher of the nineteenth century," 48 possessed of a gigantic mind as well as of a colossal body, of an inexhaustible energy and all-around versatility which enabled him, for more than twenty years, to do, himself. almost all the writing to fill the pages of the QUARTERLY REVIEW published by him. I am glad and happy to know that Carabin, in the days and years of his crippiing sickness, had a Brownson to fall back on to occupy his mind and to help him forget the pain which, no doubt, wracked not only his body, but his mind as well, In the letter mentioned above, Carabin informs Brownson that he has made a new English translation of the Book ofJob, and he expresses his satisfaction and gladnessover the fact that he has found "something like an occupation to turn away my attention from my situation or to render it a little less intolerable." It is indeed easy to understand why, of all the books of the Bible, Carabin would, first of all, turn to the Book of Job. Therein he discovered the arch-and-proto-type of his own "situation." Job, as portrayed in that book, is the personification of misery in its most severe intensity and largest extent. Reading and studying and meditating that book, Carabin would find his own misery "a little less intolerable," and on many an occasion there would spring from the lips of Job to the lips of Carabin the sublimely comforting and soul-strengthening prayer of resignation, "the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away: as it hath pleased the Lord so is it done: blessed be the name of the Lord." 49

      Carabin also turned to the Book of Psalms of which he made a poetic translation in German. I have no knowledge of the whereabouts of his translation of the Book of Job-it probably is lost; but, as I am writing this I have his translation of the Psalms lying right at my elbow. 50 It is an oldˇfashioned notebook of 250 pages, numbered, well bound in cardboards, with back and corners in leather, and well preserved. When I opened it, I was almost struck breathless by what I beheld: the writing, all of it, is a most beautiful oldˇGothic print! Of the 150 Psalms only 118 are translated in this collection; the pages are all used up by these, and also, Carabin probably had finally to discontinue his work as his condition grew worse with the years. The language of Carabin's Psalms fits and equals the writing; it is beautiful--he was a poet, no doubt about it. If the editor can spare the space, I should like, for the benefit of those readers who know German, to add at the end of this article just one sample, to prove Carabinˇs poetic ability. And I choose Psalm No, six, because it is fairly short, but more especially because it is a prayer which describes Carabin's condition most cloquently, and which must have often given him courage and grace to bear his pitiful lot patiently.

      As we reach the end of our story we cannot help becoming aware of, and marvelling at, the transformation that time, yes, but especially sickness had wrought in Carabin. We remember the young seminarian who needed "stimulation to study," and in the end we meet the paralyzed priest who is looking about him to find "something like an occupation," and who finds it in translating books of the Bible, and in studying Brownson's Review! Brownson, who proved to be better than a physician to Carabin, lies buried in the crypt of the Sacred Heart church at Notre Dame University, while Father Carabin found his last resting place in St. John's cemetery, Cleveland. 51

      This is the story. It only remains for me to tell Dr. Downes how greatly indebted I am to him for having steered me upon this "find."

      For without that casual statement in his Canal Days I might have missed this interesting man, who, in the strict sense of the word. is the ProtoPriest of the diocese of Toledo and of NorthwesternOhio, Peter Carabin. 52

      ? ? ?


      1 Herr, mein Gatt, in deinem Grimme
      Strafe meine Suenden nicht,
      Mit des Zornes Schreckenstimme
      Rufe mich nicht ins Gericht.
      Habe gnaediges Erbarmen
      Mit mie schwachen, mit mir armen,
      Dutch und durch bin jch verwundt,
      Mach, 0 mache mich gesund.

      2 Meine Seete ringt mit Schmerzen,
      Ach, O Herr, wie lange noch?
      Nahe dich dem kranken Herzen,
      Rette meine Seele doeh.
      Heile sie von ih ren Suenden,
      Lass, 0 lass mich Gnade finden;
      Bei dec Liebe l:.it ich dich,
      Retf, OAllerbarmer, mich.

      3 Willst du in das Grab mich senken?
      Guter Gott, verschone mein.
      Wer wird tot noch dein gedenken,
      Wet im Grabe dcin sich freun?
      Hoere meiner Seufzer Stoehnen,
      Sieh die Stroeme meiner Traenen;
      Ach wie manche truehe Nacht
      Habe schluchzend ich durchwacbt!
      4 Meine Glieder sind gdaehmet,
      Trueb des Auges Heiterkeit;
      Alt schon hab ich mich gegraemet
      Ob dec Draenger Feindlichkeit.
      Weg von mir, mr Uebeltaeter,
      Seht, me;n Gott ist mdn Erretter.
      Ja, der Herr hat mich erhoert
      Ewig auch sei er geehrt.

      5 Meine Klag hat er vernommen,
      Und gesehn auf meinen Sclunerz,
      Mein Gebet, vor ihn gekommen,
      Hat geruehrt sein Vaterherz.
      Scham bedecke nun mit Roete
      Meine Feinde; ihe Gespoette
      Hat ein Ende, and sie ziehn
      Sich beschaemt zurueck, and fliehn.


      The sources from which the materials for this article are drawn are rather meagre and few in number, but they are authoritative and first-class. In the order of their relative importance I list them as follows:

      A number of autograph signed letters in the University of Notre Dame archives, of which I .possess photostat copies;

      Manuscript copy of the Journal of the Rev. Salesius Brunner, founder of the Congregation of the Precious Blood in America, in the archives of St. Charles Seminary, Carthagena, Ohio;

      Outline History of St. Peter and St. Paul's Churches, Norwalk, Ohio, containing also The Early History of St. Alphonsus, Peru, Ohio, by Rev. Frederick Rupert, Norwalk, 1899. This book is now, and for a long time past, out of print and very scarce, but the wnter owns a photostat copy of it.

      The Catholic Almanac; The Metropolitan Catholic Almanac; The Catholic Directory, for the years 1832 to 1874, published respectively by Lucas, Baltimore; Murphy, Baltimore; and Sadlier, New York.

      O'Daniel, V. F., O.P., The Right Rev. Edward Dominic Fenwick, Pustet, New York and Cincinnati, 1921.

      Lamott, John H., History of the Archdiocese of Cincinnatti, Pustet, New York and Cincinnati, 1921.

      Houck, George F., A History of Catholicity in Northern Ohio and in the Diocese of Cleveland, 2 vols, Cleveland, Press of J. B. Savage, 1903.

      Guilday, Peter, The Life and Times of John Carrofl, The Encyclopedia Press, New York, 1922.


      1. Randolph C. Downes, Canal Day!, p. 156.
      2. Cal holic Directory, 1874, p. 40.
      3. William T. Utter, The Fmntier Slate, p. 34.
      4. Rev. F. Rupert, Outline Hislory. . N orwalk and Peril, p. 3.
      5. Ibid., p. 4.
      6. Ibid., p. 4.
      7. Peter Guiday, The Life and Tin; /,i of John Caffoll, p. 469.
      8. Y. F. O'Daniel, The Righi Rev. Edward Dominic Fenwick, p. 350.
      9. Ibid., p. 377.
      10. Rupert, op. cii., p. 4.
      II. lbid., p. 4.
      12. Ibid., p. 5.
      13. Ibid., pp. 4, 5.
      14. Salesius Brunner, Journal; Brunner says she was "die leibliche Schwester" of Peter Bauer, while Rupert says that she was his "aunt." I prefer to accept Brunner's statement, because he was on the spot and knew these people personally. All the particulars about this exiled French Sister are taken from Brunner's Journal.

      15. For data on Bishop Fenwick, see O'Daniers biography of him, and also John H. Lamott, History of The Archdiocese of Cincinnati, pp. 40ˇ70.

      16. Guidya, op.cit., p. 522.
      17. In this same territory, there are now, in 1950, three archdioceses and thirteen dioceses, or a total of sixteen ecclesiastical jurisdictions.
      18. Lamott, op. cil., p. 46.
      19. O'Daniel, op. cit., p. 177; also 212.
      20 . Ibid., p. 4D.
      21. Rupert, op. cit., p. 5.
      22. Lamott, op. cit., p. 356.
      23. The original of this letter is in the University of Notre Dame archives, but I have a photostat of it. The letter itself is in poor condition, and the hand-writing, all but the first two lines, is very difficult to read. The postal stamping, on the address, clearly shows the date of mailing: 8 Juillet, and the date of arrival in New York: Aug. 19, 1829. Accordingly, it took forty-two days for the letter to reach New York, and possibly another fourteen days to reach Cincinnati, or two months in all.
      24. Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, under Phlegmatic:ˇ
      25. Lamon , op. dr., p. 356.
      26. Geo. F. Houd, History of the lhe/hit] ill Northe," Ohio, II, p. 463.
      27. Sadlier's Catholic Directory, 1874, p. 4o-This statement in the Obituary notice, however, also came from the diocesan Chancery in Cleveland, the same source where Houck gOI his information and is therefo re of no more value as evidence than Houck's own.
      28. O'Daniel, op. cit., p. 379.
      29. This information was given me by the historian of the Archdiocese of Detroit, Rev. George Pare, in a letter, Aug. 28, 1950.
      30. Lamott, cp. fif., p. 103.
      31. Waggoner, History of the City of Toledo and Lucus County" Munsell &. Co., 1888, vol. I, p. 288.
      32. In Northwest Ohio Quarterly, vol. XXII, No.1, p. 9.
      33. OˇDaniel, op. cit., p. 192; Lamott, op. cit., p. 21; MidˇAmerica, April, 1931, p. 323.
      34. I am open to conviction. If, and when, Mr. Heflinger or anyone else can adduce indisputable evidence regarding the Fremont (or Defiance) claim, I shall be very happy to acknowledge my error here.
      35. Letter. J. Golden Znbel to wriler, Monroe, Mich., Sept. 1, 1949.
      36. Letter, Zabel to writer, Aug. 24, 19'0.
      37 Catholic Almanac, 1846, p. 176.
      38. Brunnerˇs Journal.
      39. Born June 15, 1805. Lamott, op. cit., p. 352; Reuss, Biographical Cyclopedia, p. 53.
      40. Catholic Almanac, 1844, p. 94; 1845, p. 116; 1846, p. 177.
      41. Rupert, op. cit, p 5. "speaks of 'malaria fever."
      42. Ibid., p. 5.
      43. In 1847, Northern Ohio h~d been established as a separate diocese, and Father Amadeus Rappe, the first pastor of St. Frallcis de Sales ch urch, Toledo, had been appointoo its first bishop.
      44. Rappe to Bishop Purcell , Nov. 20, 1847; original in University of Notre Dame archives, 11 -4-j.
      45. Rappe to Purcell, Feb. 6, 1848ˇ original in University of Notre Dame archives, 1I ˇ4ˇk (French). In the Catholic Almanac, 1849, p. 156, there appears this listing: "Norwalk, Huron County, SI. Peter's, Rev. P. Carabin." It therefore seems more than strange that Rupert, op. til., p. n, does not mention Carabin in his list of pastors at Norwalk.
      46. Catholic Directory, 1874, p. 40.
      47. Carabin to Brownson, Norwalk, Apri! 20, 1857; original in University of Notre Dame archives, 1ˇ3ˇn; a photostat of this letter is in the writer's possession.
      48. Arthur J. Hope, Notre Dame One Hundred Years, p. 248.
      49. Job, 1, 29.
      50. Miss Mary Carabin, of Norwalk, Ohio, had the kindness to loan me this precious relic of her great .granduncle.
      51. Houck, op. cit., II, p. 463.
      52 A nephew of Father Carabin, August Carabin, a son of Father Carabin's brother Augustus, is still living in the old Carabin homestead, at Peru. Other members of his family, the third and fourth generation, are living at Peru and Norwalk, and probably at other places, In the diocesan Yearbook for 1913 I found a Miss Gertrude Carabin listed as a member of St. Francis de Sales Church, Toledo.

      As a final note let me add that the name of Carabin is of French origin. Acrording to Petit Larousse, 1907, p. 151, Carabino formerly signifitd a soldier of the light cavalry. Today, in familiar French, is means a student of medicine and surgery.

    Saint John the Evangelist Green Bay WI History
    Saint John the Evangelist Green Bay WI History
    First Redemptorist Church in America Historical Marker Information
    First Redemptorist Church in America Historical Marker Information
    Oldest church of catholics is St Johns (St John the Evangelist)
    Oldest church of catholics is St Johns (St John the Evangelist)
    Saint John the Evangelist Church Historical Marker
    Saint John the Evangelist Church Historical Marker
    Fire at Saint John the Evangelist Church - Green Bay Wisconsin - March 13 1911
    Fire at Saint John the Evangelist Church - Green Bay Wisconsin - March 13 1911
    First Saint John the Evangelist Church - Shantytown WI
    First Saint John the Evangelist Church - Shantytown WI
    First Redemptorist Church in America Historical Marker
    First Redemptorist Church in America Historical Marker
    The marker is located at Allouez Catholic Cemetery on northbound Riverside Drive, north of its intersection with West Allouez Avenue, Allouez, Wisconsin 54301.

    Photographed May 20, 2013
    Erected August 31, 1982 by The Redemptorist Fathers of the Redemptorist Order of America
    Allouez, Brown County, Wisconsin
    44° 29.041' N, 88° 1.781' W
    Priests form outline of First Redemptorist Church in America
    Priests form outline of First Redemptorist Church in America
    Marriage License 30 May 1846  Shantytown, Brown, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Marriage Record
    Edward Belanger and Francis Brunetti - Marriage Record
    Edward Belanger and Francis Brunetti - Marriage Record
    Edward Belanger and Francis Brunette
Marriage Record
    Edward Belanger and Francis Brunette Marriage Record
    Brown Co Wisconsin
    Vol 2 page 52
    • Edward BELANGER and Aurelia BRUNETTE
      Posted by: David Belongia (ID *****9681) Date: May 23, 2009 at 23:38:38
      of 3251

      I have several people in my family that started doing genealogy on the family long ago and I just found a HUGE mistake.
      They have Aurelia BRUNETTE as Marie Francoise Aurelia BRUNETTE, her parents being Dominique BRUNETTE and Domitelle GRIGNON.
      This is wrong.... I happened across Aurelia's death certificate at the Michigan Archives online database. After studying
      the names for a while I realized her parents were not Dominique and Domitelle. First off her birth is listed as 1830 NOT 1820.
      The parents listed looked like Pruden Brunette and Louise Reno. I looked in the census and sure enough there is a Prudent and
      Louise. Prudent BRUNETTE b. July 20, 1807 Maskinonge, Maskinonge, Quebec, Canada. Died March 18, 1893 Brown County, Wisconsin.
      He married Marie Louise Blanchard dit RAYNAUD 10/16/1827 in St. Hyacinthe, Les Maskoutains, Quebec, Canada. Died July 14, 1884
      in Flintville, Brown, Wisconsin.

      Prudent is the son of Charles BRUNETTE dit DAUPHIN who is the brother of Dominique BRUNETTE Sr.


      Re: Edward BELANGER and Aurelia BRUNETTE
      Posted by: David Belongia (ID *****9681) Date: June 09, 2009 at 01:48:35
      In Reply to: Edward BELANGER and Aurelia BRUNETTE by David Belongia of 3251

      I found Aurelia Brunette's birth record.

      In the census she lists her age as follows.

      1850 she is 18 years old
      1860 she is 28 years old
      1870 she is 39 years old
      She also stated she was born in Canada.

      The 1870 Census was taken in June so I would have assumed she was born before June.

      Her Parents Prudent BRUNETTE and Marie Louise BLANCHARD dit Raynaud were married in Notre Dame Du Rosaire, St. Hyacinthe on
      October 16, 1827. So I looked through the births for 1831 and found it.

      Francoise Brunette Born April 3rd, 1831 at Notre Dame Du Rosaire, St. Hyacinthe.

      If you would like a copy of it drop me an EMAIL and I would be glad to send it to you.

    Census Records
    Edward and Francis Belanger & 
Francis and Mary Boyea
    Edward and Francis Belanger & Francis and Mary Boyea
    1870 Census
    Scott Brown Co Wisconsin
    Edward and Aurelia Belanger
1860 Census
    Edward and Aurelia Belanger 1860 Census
    Scott Brown Co Wisconsin
    Edward and Aurelia Belanger
Joseph and Mary Belanger
1900 Census
    Edward and Aurelia Belanger Joseph and Mary Belanger 1900 Census
    Scott Brown Co Wisconsin
    Edward and Realia Belanger
    Edward and Realia Belanger
    1880 Census
    Scott Brown Co Wisconsin
    Edward and Helen (Aurelia) Belange
1905 Wisconsin State Census
    Edward and Helen (Aurelia) Belange 1905 Wisconsin State Census
    Scott Brown Co Wisconsin
    Family ID F202  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mathilda Agnes Forsythe,   b. 19 Apr 1861, Bay Settlement, Brown, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1943, Racine, Racine, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Married 1878  , , Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence 1913  Marinette, Marinette, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Edward and Mathilda Belanger - 
Marinette Wisconsin City Directory
    Edward and Mathilda Belanger - Marinette Wisconsin City Directory 1913
    +1. Mary L. Belanger,   b. 24 Aug 1880, Bay Settlement, Brown, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Nov 1966, Racine, Racine, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years)
     2. Anna Belanger,   b. 26 Jul 1883, Bay Settlement, Brown, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Edward Joseph Belanger, Jr.,   b. 2 Mar 1886, Wallace, Menominee, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Aug 1961, Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
     4. Albert F. Belanger,   b. Dec 1888, , , Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location
    +5. Ida Belanger,   b. 4 Jun 1893, Marinette, Marinette, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jan 1962, Hancock, Houghton, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    +6. John Victor Belanger,   b. 27 Jul 1894, Menominee, Menominee, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Feb 1950, Racine, Racine, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
     7. Daniel Jerome Belanger,   b. 27 Feb 1898, Menominee, Menominee, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Nov 1971, Racine, Racine, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
    Census Records
    Edward and Mathilda Belanger
1910 Census
    Edward and Mathilda Belanger 1910 Census
    Marinette Marinette Co Wisconsin
    Edward and Mathilda Belanger
1920 Census
    Edward and Mathilda Belanger 1920 Census
    Marinette Marinette Co Wisconsin
    Edward and Mathilda Belanger
1905 Wisconsin State Census
    Edward and Mathilda Belanger 1905 Wisconsin State Census
    Preble Brown Co Wisconsin
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2016 
    Family ID F798  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Feb 1852 - Bay Settlement, Brown, Wisconsin, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1878 - , , Wisconsin, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1913 - Marinette, Marinette, Wisconsin, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsHeadstone - Queen of Peace Catholic Cemetery - 1926 - Antigo, Langlade, Wisconsin, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 3 Aug 1926 - , , Wisconsin, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Agency: Queen of Peace Catholic Cemetery,Address:
    819 3rd Ave
    Antigo, WI 54409
    (715) 623-4938 - 6 Aug 1926 - Queen of Peace Catholic Cemetery, Antigo, Langlade, Wisconsin, USA
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFact 1 - Info from Queen of Peace Cemetery - 18 May 2020 - Antigo, Langlade, Wisconsin, United States Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth